SCARS AND STRETCH MARKS – TREATMENTS
Depending on the type of scar and its location on the body we can perform a treatment that will make it less visible, more elastic and in the ideal case – practically unnoticeable. You should be aware however, that considering even the most effective procedures available in aesthetic medicine a total, 100% removal of the scar is not possible.
Stretch marks appear frequently during puberty, pregnancy, when sudden changes in body weight and height occur. Hormonal factors play the crucial role in the formation of stretch marks. Although over time they become less visible, taking on the color of the surrounding skin they are definitely an aesthetic problem. Stretch marks are similar in nature to scars, so treatment of both types of skin changes is very alike.
Scars are formed as a part of natural process of wound healing.
Up to 12 months from the formation of a scar – we call it fresh. We should especially take good care of scars in that period of time because of many dynamic reconstruction changes that occur within them. We should protect them from additional injuries, sun and frost. We should also “mobilize the scar”, adequately moving it in all directions to prevent it from symphysis of the skin with surrounding fascias. Newly formed scar, initially thickened with grayish red color will soften and brighten over time. Unfortunately the process of healing does not always go all according to plan. If the process of healing is interrupted, pathological scars may form, such as:
- hypertrophic scars – the result of excessive production of collagen which causes bulging towards scar tissue in the surrounding skin; that process may occur due to an excessive stretching of the scar or due to a wound infection.
- atropic scars – result from insufficient production of new tissues; they create depressions in the skin and are often the end result of acne or chickenpox.
- keloids – caused by a very strong, long-term, excessive production of connective tissue that grows into the healthy skin; hard tumors with protrusions form on the place of the wound in grayish-red or grey-blue color
Strech marks – they result from the severance of collagen fibers and elastin. This happens when the skin is exposed to strong stretches, lasting even for short periods of time. Among classic cases that favor the formation of stretch marks we can list: pregnancy, large overweight, rapid height grow period, extensive physical activities that build muscle mass. Hormonal disorders (an excessive production of cortisol and estrogen) are also responsible for the formation of stretch marks. Both causes may occur, and they often do, altogether.